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Gymnodinium aureolum (E.M.Hulburt) Gert Hansen 2000

Publication details
Gymnodinium aureolum (E.M.Hulburt) Gert Hansen in Gert Hansen, Daugbjerg & Henriksen 2000: 399, fig. 22-36, 40, 44a, d-g. i

Published in: Hansen, G., Daugbjerg, N. & Henriksen, P. (2000). Comparitive study of Gymnodinium mikimotoi and Gymnodinium aureolum comb. nov. (=Gyrodinium aureolum) based on morphology, pigment composition and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 36: 394-410.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Gyrodinium aureolum E.M.Hulburt

Type information
Type locality: USA: Massachusetts: Great Pond, Barnstable County (Index Nominum Algarum).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Gyrodinium aureolum E.M.Hulburt 1957
Karenia aureola (E.M.Hulbert) S.-Y.Cho, J.-S.Ki & M.-S.Han 2008

Nomenclatural notes
Hansen et al. (2000: 399) list the basionym of this species as Gyrodinium aureolum Hulburt (1957).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Gyrodinium aureolum E.M.Hulburt)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

Europe: Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014), Britain (Parke & Dixon 1976, Dodge 1981), Germany (Scholz & Liebezeit 2012 ), Greece (Ignatiades 2012), Ireland (Stokes, O'Neill & McDonald 2004), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999).

World: World (Gómez 2005).

(as Gymnodinium aureolum (E.M.Hulburt) Gert Hansen)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (Krakhmalnyi et al. 2018, Zotov 2018), France (Anon. 2017), Italy (Siano, Kooistra, Montresor & Zingone 2009), Mediterranean (Gómez 2003), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Romania (Caraus 2017), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018).

North America: Mexico (Pacific) (Torres-Ariño & al. 2019).

Asia: Caspian Sea (Lanuru et al. 2018).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Haywood et al. 2007, Chang & al. 2012, Rhodes & al. 2019).

World: World (Gómez 2005, Gómez 2012).

(as Karenia aureola (E.M.Hulbert) S.-Y.Cho, J.-S.Ki & M.-S.Han)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

Key references
Cho, S.-Y., Ki, J.-S. & Han, M.-S. (2008). Morphological characteristics and molecular phylogeny of five unarmored dinoflagellates in Korean coastal waters. Algae 23(1): 15-29, 7 figs, 2 tables. [in Korean]

Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.

Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. Acta Botanica Croatica 64: 129-212.

Gómez, F. (2008). Phytoplankton invasions: comments on the validity of categorizing the non-indigenous dinoflagellates and diatoms in European Seas. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56: 620-628.

Hansen, G. (2001). Ultrastructure of Gymnodinium aureolum (Dinophyceae): toward a further redefinition of Gymnodinium sensu stricto. Journal of Phycology 37: 612-623.

Lewis, J., Taylor, J.D., Neale, K. & Leroy, S.A.G. (2018). Expanding known dinoflagellate distributions: investigations of slurry cultures from Caspian Sea. Botanica Marina 61(1): 21-31.

Siano, R., Kooistra, W.H.C.F., Montresor, M. & Zingone, A. (2009). Unarmoured and thin-walled dinoflagellates from the Gulf of Naples, with the description of Woloszynskia cincta sp. nov. (Dinophyceae, Suessiales). Phycologia 48: 44-65.

Silva, P.C. (1996-to date). Index Nominum Algarum, University Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/INA.html. Updated continuously. ..

Tang, Y.Z., Egerton, T.A., Kong, L., & Marshall, H.G. (2008). Morphological variation and phylogenetic analysis of the dinoflagellate Gymnodinium aureolum from a tributary of Chesapeake Bay. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 55: 91-9.

Thessen, A.E., Patterson, D.J. & Murray, S.A. (2012). The taxonomic significance of species that have only been observed once: The genus Gymnodinium (Dinoflagellata) as an example. PLoS ONE 7(8): e44015 [1-34], 7 figures, 2 tables.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 November 2018 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1844 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Hansen, G. (2001). Ultrastructure of Gymnodinium aureolum (Dinophyceae): toward a further redefinition of Gymnodinium sensu stricto. Journal of Phycology 37: 612-623.
Hansen, G., Daugbjerg, N. & Henriksen, P. (2000). Comparitive study of Gymnodinium mikimotoi and Gymnodinium aureolum comb. nov. (=Gyrodinium aureolum) based on morphology, pigment composition and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 36: 394-410.
Johnsen, G. & Sakshaug, E. (1993). Bio-optical characteristics and photoadaptive responses in the toxic and bloom-forming dinoflagellates Gyrodinium aureolum, Gymnodinium galatheanum, and two strains of Prorocentrum minimum. Journal of Phycology 29: 627 -642, 8 figs, 5 tables.
Partensky, F., Vaulot, D., Couté, A. & Sournia, A. (1988). Morphological and nuclear analysis of the bloom-forming dinoflagellates Gyrodinium cf. aureolum and Gymnodinium nagasakiense. Journal of Phycology 24: 408-415, 15 figs, 2 tables.
Tang, Y.Z., Egerton, T.A., Kong, L., & Marshall, H.G. (2008). Morphological variation and phylogenetic analysis of the dinoflagellate Gymnodinium aureolum from a tributary of Chesapeake Bay. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 55: 91-9.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 September 2021.

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