157,570 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,210 images, 60,985 bibliographic items, 458,958 distributional records.

Gymnodinium spirale Bergh

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Gymnodinium

Pictures

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Gymnodinium spirale Bergh
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 1000x, DIC. 08 Aug 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Gymnodinium spirale Bergh
Port Townsend, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, Lugol's, 400x, DIC. 04 Jul 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Gymnodinium spirale Bergh
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, Lugol's, 1000x, DIC. 05 Jul 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Gymnodinium spirale Bergh
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

Gymnodinium spirale Bergh
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy Port Townsend, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, Lugol's, 400x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Gymnodinium spirale Bergh 1881: 253, figs 70, 71

Published in: Bergh, R.S. (1881). Der organismus der Cilioflagellaten. Eine phylogenetische studie. Morphologisches Jahrbuch 7: 177-288.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), spiral (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
1881: 253, figs 70, 71 (INA). - (11 Jul 2014) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Denmark: Strib (isl. Fyen) (Silva 1996-to date).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Kofoid, C.A. & Swezy, O. (1921). The free-living unarmored Dinoflagellata. Memoirs of the University of California 5: i-viii, 1-562.

Key references
Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Created: 12 September 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 December 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 588 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=55305

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 February 2020.

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